U.S. Government

Executive Branch: The President of the United States and the 15 Executive Agencies administer the laws created by the Legislative Branch.

The Judicial Branch interprets the laws.









EXECUTIVE DEPARTMENTS (annual budget in billions)



COMMUNICATION *******************************

STATE (47.4) [should house immigration processing] : advises the President and leads the nation in foreign policy issues. The State Department negotiates treaties and agreements with foreign entities, and represents the United States at the United Nations.

*CIA The Central Intelligence Agency is primarily focused on providing intelligence for the Presidentand Cabinet of the United States.

*FCC The Federal Communications Commission (FCC) is an independent agency of the United States government created by statute (47 U.S.C.§ 151and 47 U.S.C.§ 154) to regulate interstate communications by radio, television, wire, satellite, and cable. The FCC works towards six goals in the areas of broadband, competition, the spectrum, the media, public safety and homeland security, and modernizing itself.

*USPS is an independent agency of the United States federal government responsible for providing postal service in the United States, including its insular areas and associated states. It is one of the few government agencies explicitly authorized by the United States Constitution.

FINANCE **************************************

COMMERCE (7.8): to promote job creation, economic growth, sustainable development, and improved standards of living for Americans.

TREASURY (14): manages Federal finances by collecting taxes and paying bills and by managing currency, government accounts and public debt. The Department of the Treasury also enforces finance and tax laws (IRS).

*COMMODITY FUTURES TRADING COMMISSION:  The Commodities Exchange Act ("CEA"), 7 U.S.C.§ 1et seq., prohibits fraudulent conduct in the trading of futures contracts. The stated mission of the CFTC is to foster open, transparent, competitive, and financially sound markets, to avoid systemic risk, and to protect the market users and their funds, consumers, and the public from fraud, manipulation, and abusive practices related to derivatives and other products that are subject to the Commodity Exchange Act.

*FEDERAL RESERVE : The Federal Reserve System (also known as the Federal Reserve or simply the Fed) is the central banking system of the United States of America. It was created on December 23, 1913, with the enactment of the Federal Reserve Act, after a series of financial panics (particularly the panic of 1907) led to the desire for central control of the monetary system in order to alleviate financial crises.

*SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION: The U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission(SEC) is an independent agency of the United States federal government. The SEC holds primary responsibility for enforcing the federal securitieslaws, proposing securities rules, and regulating the securities industry, the nation's stock and options exchanges, and other activities and organizations, including the electronic securities markets in the United States.

* CONSUMER FINANCIAL PROTECTION BUREAU: The Consumer Financial Protection Bureau, also known as the Bureau of Consumer Financial Protection, is an agency of the United States government responsible for consumer protection in the financial sector.

HUMAN RESOURCES *****************************

HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (1000): to protect the health of all Americans and provide essential human services.

HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT (32.6): administers programs that provide housing and community development assistance. The Department also works to ensure fair and equal housing opportunity for all.

VETERAN'S AFFAIRS (180): runs programs benefiting veterans and members of their families. It offers education opportunities and rehabilitation services and provides compensation payments for disabilities or death related to military service, home loan guaranties, pensions, burials, and health care that includes the services of nursing homes, clinics, and medical centers.

*SOCIAL SECURITY ADMINISTRATION  is an independent agency of the U.S. federal government that administers Social Security, a social insurance program consisting of retirement, disability, and survivors' benefits. To qualify for most of these benefits, most workers pay Social Security taxes on their earnings; the claimant's benefits are based on the wage earner's contributions.

RESOURCES ************************************

AGRICULTURE (151): to provide leadership on food, agriculture, natural resources, and related issues. 

ENERGY (27.9): manages the United States' nuclear infrastructure and administers the country's energy policy. The Department of Energy also funds scientific research in the field.

INTERIOR (11.7): manages public lands and minerals, national parks, and wildlife refuges and upholds Federal trust responsibilities to Indian tribes and Native Alaskans. Additionally, Interior is responsible for endangered species conservation and other environmental conservation efforts.

TRANSPORTATION (72.4): is responsible for planning and coordinating federal transportation projects. It also sets safety regulations for all major modes of transportation.

*EPA: The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) is an independent agency of the United States federal government for environmental protection.

*FEDERAL ENERGY REGULATORY COMMISSION: The Federal Energy Regulatory Commission is the United States federal agency that regulates the transmission and wholesale sale of electricity and natural gas in interstate commerce and regulates the transportation of oil by pipeline in interstate commerce.

*FEDERAL MARITIME COMMISSION:  The United States Federal Maritime Commission(FMC) is an independent federal agency, based in Washington, D.C., responsible for the regulation of oceanborne international transportation of the U.S.

*SURFACE TRANSPORTATION BOARD: The STB has broad economic regulatory oversight of railroads, including rates, service, the construction, acquisition and abandonment of rail lines, carrier mergers and interchange of traffic among carriers. The STB also has oversight of pipeline carriers, intercity bus carriers, moving van companies, trucking companies involved in collective activities and water carriers engaged in non-contiguous domestic trade. The Board has wide discretion, through its exemption authority from federal, state and local laws, to tailor its regulatory activities to meet the nation’s changing transportation needs.

RULES ENFORCEMENT ***************************

JUSTICE (31): to enforce federal laws, seek just punishment for the guilty, and ensure the fair and impartial administration of justice.

HOMELAND SECURITY (40.6) [currently houses USCIS - immigration processing]: works to improve the security of the United States through customs, border, and immigration enforcement, emergency response to natural and manmade disasters, antiterrorism work, and cybersecurity.

DEFENSE (549): to provide the military forces needed to deter war, and to protect the security of the United States.

TRAINING *************************************

EDUCATION (68): to foster educational excellence, and to ensures equal access to educational opportunity for all.

LABOR (12.1): administers federal labor laws to guarantee workers' rights to fair, safe, and healthy working conditions, including minimum hourly wage and overtime pay, protection against employment discrimination, and unemployment.

* SMALL BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION: The U.S. Small Business Administration is a United States government agency that provides support to entrepreneurs and small businesses.

* SMITHSONIAN INSTITUTION: Did you know: Smithsonian collections include 156 million artworks, artifacts, and specimens.